ISAKOS: 2019 Congress in Cancun, Mexico

2019 ISAKOS Biennial Congress Paper #194


Anthropometric Measurement of Caucasian and Asian Knees, Mismatch with Knee Systems?

Imelda Lumban Gaol, MD, Bogor, West Java INDONESIA
Nicolaas C. Budhiparama, MD, PhD (LUMC, NL), PhD (UGM, ID), FICS, Prof., Jakarta, DKI Jakarta INDONESIA
Nadia Ifran, MD, Jakarta, DKI Jakarta INDONESIA
Rob Nelissen, Leiden NETHERLANDS

Nicolaas Institute of Constructive Orthopaedic Research & Education Foundation for Arthroplasty & Sport Medicine, Jakarta, DKI Jakarta, INDONESIA

FDA Status Not Applicable


Anthropometric of Caucasian and Asian knees is different and it may implicate in choosing the prosthesis for knee arthroplasty



Positioning and fit of the knee prostheses in patients determines functional outcome. For that matter anthropometric differences between knee joints of patients, will affect function. Since most total knees implant systems are designed for Caucasians, discrepancies in matching to Asian patients might exits, with consequently less optimal fit. The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in anthropometric dimensions between Caucasian and Asian knees of patients eligible for total knee arthroplasty..

Materials And Methods

Radiographic anthropometric data on distal femurs, proximal tibia and patellar dimension were measured of 69 Caucasian and 69 Asian patients. All radiographs were obtained preoperatively prior to total knee arthroplasty. The radiographic measurements at standing anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral (ML), aspect ratio, patellar length and patellar tendon length knees were obtained at two different centers, both in Asia and Europe. Patient groups were age and gender matched. Sizes of several knee implant designs (Vanguard, Genesis II, Persona, Medacta GK Sphere, LINK Gemini, and Sigma PFC and Nexgen) were fitted to anatomical dimensions


The mean age of the Caucasian group were 67 ± 7.3 years and the Asian patients were 67 ± 7.8 years. Both groups included 15,9% males and 84,1% females. In AP and ML the Caucasian femur is longer than the Asian femur (male-AP 12%, female-AP 15%, male-ML 6%, female-ML 9%) with AP is significantly longer in Caucasian than in Asian. The Caucasian tibia is also longer in AP and ML than the Asian tibia (male-AP 12%, female-AP 16%, male-ML 5%, female-ML 7%) with AP is also significantly longer in Caucasian than in Asian.


Absolute and relative differences of knee dimensions exit between Caucasian and Asian knees. prosthesis in TKA systems cannot accommodate properly knees for Asian groups. Tibial component of the selected knee systems fitted better than femoral components.