2017 ISAKOS Biennial Congress ePoster #1266


Useful Hand-Made Articulating Spacers For Infected Total Knee Arthroplasty -A Technical Note And Clinical Results-

Takahiro Nishimura, MD, Tochigi, Tochigi JAPAN
Hitoshi Sekiya, MD, Kawachi-Gun, Tochigi JAPAN
Kenzo Takatoku, MD, Kaminokawa-Machi, Tochigi JAPAN

Shin Kaminokawa Hospital, Kawachi-gun, Tochigi, JAPAN

FDA Status Cleared


We made an articulating cement spacer loaded with antibiotics just same size and shape as infected implant. Due to perfect congruity, good range of motion and stability were maintained after installment of the spacer.


The standard treatment for infected total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a two-stage replantation with a temporally articulating spacer. However, no ideal method had been reported by technical and economic point of view. Using with dental silicon, we made a mold for ideal articulating bone cement spacer.

Material And Method

We treated 14 cases of infected TKA. Using with same type and same size implant or trial component as infected implant in the knee, we made molds for cement spacer. We used two packs of Simplex bone cement including 2g of Vancomycin and 500 mg Amicamycin sulfate in each pack for 1 pair of cement spacer. Six to 8 weeks after installment of cement spacer, we performed revision TKA.

Except one case resulted into arthrodesis, in 13 cases the infection were successfully controlled. Mean range of motion before implant removal was 4 to 110 degrees, 2 to 111 degrees during installment of articulating spacer, and 1 to 109 one year after revision TKA.


Cost for one pair of molds was approximately 20 USD. On the contrary, the prices of commercially available one were approximately 1000 USD in Japan. Due to same size and shape as infected implant, the congruity to the femur and tibia was perfect, and also we could avoid the difficulty at wound closure due to overstuff bulky cement spacers. In addition, the cement spacer made by our mold had good patellofemoral motion unlike those of commercially available mold. Thus, a hand-made mold made with dental silicon was very beneficial to produce the ideal bone cement spacer for infected total knee arthroplasty.