ISAKOS: 2019 Congress in Cancun, Mexico
ISAKOS

2019 ISAKOS Biennial Congress ePoster #938

 

In Vivo Kinematic Evaluation of a New Design Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Dynamic Radiostereometric Analysis

Giulio Maria Marcheggiani-Muccioli, MD, PhD, Bologna ITALY
Laura Bragonzoni, PhD, Bologna ITALY
Marco Bontempi, Bologna ITALY
Tommaso Roberti Di Sarsina, MD, Bologna ITALY
Umberto Cardinale, MD, Bologna ITALY
Domenico Alesi, MD, Bologna ITALY
Stefano Fratini, MD, Bologna ITALY
Nicola Pizza, MD, Bologna ITALY
Stefano Zaffagnini, MD, Prof., Bologna ITALY

IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli - University of Bologna, Bologna, Emilia Romagna, ITALY

FDA Status Cleared

Summary

Model based RSA was able to determine that the FB PS TKA design evaluated in this study showed a medial pivoting movement under weight-bearing conditions that was not present when load was not applied.

Abstract

Purpose

To assess, using model-based dynamic radiostereometric analysis (RSA), the biomechanical behaviour of a new design posterior-stabilized (PS) fixed-bearing (FB) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in vivo while patients performing two common motor tasks. The hypothesis was that model-based dynamic RSA is able to detect different behaviour of the implant under weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing conditions.

Methods

A cohort of 15 non-consecutive patients was evaluated by dynamic RSA 9 months after TKA implantation. The mean age of patients was 73.4 (65–72) years. The kinematic evaluations were performed using an RSA device (BI-STAND DRX 2) developed in our Institute. The patients were asked to perform two active motor tasks: sit-to-stand in weight-bearing condition; range of motion (ROM) while sitting on the chair. The motion parameters were evaluated using the Grood and Suntay decomposition and the low-point kinematics methods.

Results

The dynamic RSA evaluation showed a significant difference (p?<?0.05) between the biomechanical behaviour of the prosthesis during the two motor tasks. When subjected to the patient weight (in the sit-to-stand) the low point of the medial compartment had a shorter motion (5.7?±?0.2 mm) than the lateral (11.0?±?0.2 mm). This realizes a medial pivot motion as in the normal knee. In the ROM task, where the patient had no weight on the prosthesis, this difference was not present: the medial compartment had a displacement of 12.7?±?0.2 mm, while the lateral had 17.3?±?0.2 mm.

Conclusions

Model-based RSA proved to be an effective tool for the evaluation of TKA biomechanics. In particular, it was able to determine that the fixed-bearing posterior-stabilized TKA design evaluated in this study showed a medial pivoting movement under weight-bearing conditions that was not present when load was not applied. Under loading conditions what drives the pattern of movement is the prosthetic design itself. By the systematic use of this study protocol future comparisons among different implants could be performed, thus contributing significantly to the improvement of TKA design.