Physical therapy following hip arthroscopy does not influence mid-term PROMS or satisfaction rates significantly regardless of gender, baseline scores, program intensity, timing of initiation, or total duration.
Despite the increasing volume of arthroscopic hip preservation surgeries, there remains a paucity of evidence to guide post-operative physical therapy (PT) protocol for hip arthroscopy treating femoracetabular impingement (FAI).
To evaluate the effect on mid-term outcomes of various PT parameters following hip arthroscopy treating FAI.
133 patients who underwent hip arthroscopy treating FAI and labral repair with 2-year follow-up between January 2011-May 2016, were reviewed. Patients were stratified into age groups (<30, 30-50, >50 y.o.). PT protocols were assessed for: time to first session, training frequency and duration, committed self-practice and physical therapy provider. Patient reported outcome measures (PROMS) included the Modified Harris Hip Score (MHHS) and Hip Outcome Score (HOS). Rates of satisfaction were recorded by asking patients whether, considering the outcome, they would undergo the surgery again.
Statistical analysis for PT variables did not differ significantly for gender (P = 0.288 – 1.000). Improvement did not differ significantly for patients that started rehabilitation later than one week (P = 0.235 – 0.9), practiced more than 3 times a week (P = 0.114 – 1.000), for more than 45 minutes (P = 0.109 – 0.969), for more than 3 months (P = 0.093 – 0.986) or committed to self-practice (P = 0.07 – 0.92). Outcome scores for patients did not differ regarding physical therapy provider (P = 0.077 – 0.991) or satisfaction rates (P = 0.200 – 1.000). Of note, time to first PT correlated closely with PT frequency (P = 0.03).
Physical therapy following hip arthroscopy does not influence mid-term PROMS or satisfaction rates significantly regardless of gender, baseline scores, program intensity, timing of initiation, or total duration. Further research is required to assess physical therapy protocol following hip arthroscopy treating FAI.